STATE (with bear hunting) HOUNDING BAITING BALLOT INITIATIVES /BAITING AND HOUNDING REGULATION DATES COMMENTS LICENSE, PERMIT, OR TAG INFORMATION (where available) HARVEST STATISTICS (where available) SOURCE
Alaska Yes (black bears only) Yes (permit required)     Resident: $25; Non-resident: $225; Non-resident alien: $300 2002: 2,460 total black bears Alaska Fish and Game Website
Arizona Yes (fall season only, with permit) No   Weather: abundant acorn crop in 2002 made it difficult for hunters to attract bears to their bait sites Resident: $13; Non-resident: $183. 4150-4500 tags issued annually 2001: 178 total bears; 2000: 320 total bears Arizona Status Report 2003
Arkansas No Yes (restricted to private lands, bait sites established up to 30 days prior to season opening, must be removed at close of season) 2001 New Zone Regulations: record 2001 harvest attributed to baiting and expansion of bear hunting zones. Hunter participation: non-resident hunters from TN, AL, MO, KS, OK, IL, MS, LA, MD, TX, OH, CA Resident: $35.50; Non-resident: $225 2002: 54 bears taken w/bait; 2001: 125 bears taken w/bait Eastridge 2003
California Yes (more than one dog permitted after close of general deer season) No Hounding regulation (1972) Policy Initiative: AB 342 (2003) to ban hounding failed to make it out of committee, April 2003 Resident: $29.65; Non-resident: $186.50 2002: 1,736 total bears , 913 w/ hounds, 644 while deer hunting Updike 2003, California Department of Fish and Game website
Colorado No No Amendment 10 (1992) to ban baiting/ hounding passed (70%) Hunter participation: hunter harvest averaged 823 between 1999 2000, a 58% increase from 519 average between 1995 1998 Resident: $30; Non-resident: $250 2000: 818 total bears; 1999: 983 total bears Apker 2003, Colorado Division of Wildlife webpage
Georgia Yes (South Georgia only, outside wildlife management areas) Yes (restricted zones)     Resident: $9; Non-resident: $118 2002: 262 total bears Gregory et al. 2003
Idaho Yes (limit on non-resident permits) Yes Proposition 2 (1996) to ban baiting/ hounding rejected (60%) Hunter participation: in 2001, 3,173 resident and 115 non-resident hound permits and 1,865 baiting permits issued Resident hunting: $11.50; Resident bear tag: $10.50; Baiting/hounding permit: $11.50. Non-resident hunting:$128.50; Non-resident bear tag: $235; Reduced bear tag: $31.50; Second tag: $31.50; Non-resident hound hunter: $128.50; Non-resident bear baiting permit: $11.50. 2002: 2,371 total bears, 581 w/bait, 407 w/hounds; 2001: 2,000 total bears, 455 w/bait, 337 w/hounds

Nadeau 2003
Maine Yes (no more than 4 dogs/team) Yes (permit required to bait on National Forest Lands and Bureau of Public Lands)   Hunter participation: in 2001, non-resident hunter accounted for half of hunters in Maine, but killed 72% of 2001's bear harvest. Of total bear harvest, non-residents accounted for 76% taken with bait and 75% with hounds. Maine residents took 76% bears by unreported methods. 69% of successful bear hunters used guides. Guides assisted with 81% of all bears w/hounds and 74% of all bears w/bait. In 2001, 2, 801 non-residents, 1,102 assisted by guide Resident: $25; Non-resident: $65.00; Bear registration: $1 2001: 3,903 total bears, 3,173 w/bait, 401 w/dogs Maine Fish and Wildlife website
Massachusetts No No Question 1 (1996) to ban hounding passed (55%). Baiting banned in 1970   Resident Citizen: $27.50; Non-resident: $99.50 2002: 115 total bears; 2001: 104 total bears Cardoza 2003; Deblinger 2003
Michigan Yes Yes Proposal D (1996) to ban baiting/ hounding rejected 62% Hunter participation: in 2001, hunters hunted over bait 83% of the time (Frawley 2001). 17% hunters used dogs or combination of dogs/bait. Policy initiative: 2002 rule governing "participation licenses" (license to accompany successful hunter with dogs, but not allowed to shoot bear). Statute limits number of non-resident harvest tags issued to no more than 2% of total number of permits available. Resident bear license: $14; Senior bear license: $5.60; Non-resident bear license: $150 2000: 1890 (27% success rate); 2001: 2110 (29% success rate) Etter et al. 2003
Minnesota No Yes (restricted zones)     Resident: $39; Non-resident: $196   Kennedy 2003
Montana No No Hounding rule (1921) Harvest economics: from 1996-2001, Montana black bear hunting produced a range of 9,000-11,00 hunters spending a total of 84,000-102,00 days a field. The average black bear hunter hunts for 9 days, with 9%-13% success. Montana residents spent an average of $19.60 per hunting day, while non-residents claimed $137.50 per day. Based on the number of hunter says, total net economic value associated with black bear hunting is approximately $5,000,000 annually. Resident: $15; Conservation license: $4; Non-residents: $350; Conservation license: $7 Approximately 1,100 per year Olson 2003
New Hampshire Yes Yes     Resident hunting: $22, bear tag: $5; Non-resident hunting: $103, bear tag: $5 2002: 203 still, 92 bait, 43 hound; 2001: 295 still, 169 bait, 63 hound; 2000: 294 still, 118 bait, 37 hound Timmins 2003
New Jersey No Yes (restricted zones, prohibited from elevated position within 300 ft. of bait) Baiting rule (2003)     N/A Carr 2003
New Mexico Yes (restricted zones) No     Resident: $33; Non-resident: $160 2002: 649 total bears; 2001: 525 total bears; 2000: 325 total bears Winslow 2003
New York No No   Hunter participation: 1,000 to 2,000 non-resident bear tags sold each year (additional $30/tag) Resident big game: $19; Non-resident big game: $110 2001: 801 total bears; 2000: 1070 total bears Berchielli et al. 2003
North Carolina Yes No Baiting prohibited (1985)   Resident comprehensive hunting: $30; Non-resident basic: $60 (different for VA, TN, SC, GA residents) 2001: 1533 total bears Jones 2003
Oregon No No Measure 18 (1994) banned baiting/ hounding (passed 52%); Measure 34(1996) repeal of Measure 18 rejected (58%)   Resident: $11.50; Non-resident $151.50 2000: 977 total bears; 1999: 856 total bears; 1998: 836 total bears Oregon Fish and Wildlife website
Pennsylvania No No   Weather: in 2001 3% success rate attributed to high bear abundance, favorable weather, and abundant fall food supplies. Hunter participation: 109,250 licenses sold in 2001 Resident hunting:$20; Resident bear hunting: $16; Non-resident hunting: $101; Non-resident bear hunting: $36 2001: 3063 total bears; 2000: 3075 total bears Ternet 2003
South Carolina Yes (restricted zones) No   Hunter participation: 833 permits issued in 2001; 932 permits issued in 2002 Resident big game: $6; Non-resident big game: $100 2002: 27 total bears; 2001: 21 total bears Stokes 2003
Tennessee Yes (restricted zones) Yes (bait must be removed 10 days prior to hunt)     Resident hunting: $21, big game: $18; Non-resident annual all game: $156   Tennessee Fish and Wildlife Website
Utah Yes Yes (restricted tackle, Certificate of Registration (COR) required)   Hunter participation: only 10% permits allotted to non-residents Resident: $88; Non-resident: $313 2002: 88 total bears, 68 w/dogs, 8 w/ bait, 12 other; 2001: 70 total bears, 46 w/dogs, 4 w/bait, 20 other McLaughlin 2003
Vermont Yes (permit required) No     Resident: $16; Non-resident: $85 2002: 286 total bears; 2001: 527 total bears Darling 2003
Viginia Yes (with restrictions) No   Hunter participation: since 1995, 39% of total harvest from gun hunters with dogs Resident: $12 ; Non-resident: $80 2002: 689 total bears; 2003: 916 total bears Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries Website
Washington No No Initiative 655 (1996) banned baiting/ hounding (passed 63%)   Resident Big Game Package: $72.27; Non-resident Big Game Package: $722.70 2002: 1,725 total bears; 2001: 1,439 total bears Washington Fish and Wildlife website
West Virginia Yes No Baiting rule (2003)   Resident: $25, bear stamp: $4; Non-resident: $150, bear stamp: $4 2002: 1,335 total bear, 138 w/dogs and 77 w/o dogs; 2001: 1,253 total bears Igo 2003, Ryan 2003
Wisconsin Yes (permit required, team size limit, restricted zones) Yes (not in excess of 10 gallons)     Resident: $48 +$8 (Class A and B); Non-resident: $201 +$100 (Class A and B) 2002: 2.437 (est.) total bears; 2001: total bears: 2,897 Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources website
Wyoming No Yes (black bears only) Baiting rule (1994) Hunter participation: in 2001, there were 157 non-resident hunters; 2002: 227 non-resident hunters. 79% of all bears harvested in the spring since 1993 were killed over bait Resident: $30; Non-resident: $250 2002: 323 total bears Becker et al. 2003